Sing and watch the video

Sing and watch the video

martes, 18 de junio de 2013

Phrasal Verbs II

1. PHRASAL VERBS
A phrasal verb is a verb and a particle like: out, on, over, etc. which has a different meaning from the verb on its own.
There are 5 kinds of Phrasal Verbs:
1.1. Intransitive Verbs (No object needed)
My father passed away in 1999.
1.2. Transitive Verbs (They need an object)
He can't get over bad marks in his exams.
1.3. Separable Transitive Verbs (Some transitive verbs are separable)
Turn off the radio, please. Turn the radio off, please.
But, if we use the pronoun it instead of the noun "radio", we must always separate the particle from its verb;
Turn it on, please.
1.4. Nonseparable Transitive Verbs (Some transitive verbs are not separable)
Look after the boy, please. 
Look after him, please.
1.5. Some transitive verbs have got two particles which are not separable
I'm looking forward to seeing you soon. Espero con ilusión verte pronto.

2. USES OF GET
Verb with many different uses whose basic meaning is "obtain" but when it's followed by a preposition, adverb, adjective or a past participle its meaning is very varied.
Some basic uses of GET:
Obtain
Has John got a job yet? =¿Ha conseguido John un trabajo ya?
get + past participle = to become
He got lost. = Se perdió.
She got married. Se casó.
get on = to make a progress
get on with = to have a friendly relationship
get to = to arrive

Other examples:
to get to do something = llegar a hacer algo
to get to know somebody = llegar a conocer a alguien
to get away from it all = alejarse del mundanal ruido
to get about / around = salir o moverse (animal o persona), circular (rumores o noticias)
to get something across to somebody = comunicar algo a alguien
to get across = cruzar (una calle, un río, una valle, etc)
to get ahead of somebody = adelantarse a alguien
to get along with somebody = llevarse bien con alguien
to get at somebody = meterse con alguien , criticar (coloquial)
to get at something = insinuar algo ("What are you getting at? - ¿Qué estás insinuando?")
to get back = regresar
to get back at somebody = vengarse de alguien ( coloquial)
- to get something back = recuperar o recobrar algo
- to get behind with something = retrasarse con / en algo
to get by = lograr, pasar
- to get down = bajar de una escalera o piso superior
to get down to doing something = ponerse a hacer algo
to get somebody down = deprimir a alguien
to get near = acercarse
to get on / to get off = subir / bajar de un autobús, tren, avión, bicicleta
to get on = irle a alguien (How did you get on? = ¿Cómo te fue?)
to get out of = liberarse, escapar (de una prisión, de un encierro), dejar un vicio
to get something on = ponerse una prenda
to get on with = llevarse (bien o mal) con, seguir o continuar haciendo algo
to get over something = superar algo (problemas, salud, timidez)
to get up = levantarse (de la cama)
to get to = llegar a un lugar (al trabajo, a una ciudad, etc)- to get home = llegar a casa
to get through = comunicarse, atravesar (una puerta), pasar (un examen), terminar (trabajo)
to get together = reunirse con

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