Sing and watch the video

Sing and watch the video

martes, 18 de junio de 2013

The Passive Voice Grammar

THE PASSIVE VOICE
We use a passive verb to say what happens to the subject.

When we use the passive, who or what causes the action is often unknown or unimportant.


        - A lot of houses were built last year.

If we want to say who does or what causes the action we use "by".

        - That picture was painted by Picasso.

VERB TENSEACTIVEPASSIVE
Present Simplepaints / paintis / are painted
Present Simple with Modal verbcan paintcan be painted
Present Continuousis / are paintingis / are being painted
Past Simplepaintedwas / were painted
Past Simple with Modal verbcould paintcould be painted
Past Continuouswas / were paintingwas / were being painted
Present Perfecthas / have paintedhas / have been painted
Present Perfect with Modal verbcould have paintedcould have been painted
Past Perfecthad paintedhad been painted
Future Simplewill paintwill be painted
Future Perfectwill have paintedwill have been painted
Conditional Simplewould paintwould be painted         
Conditional Perfectwould have paintedwould have been painted
Present Infinitiveto paintto be painted 
Perfect Infinitiveto have paintedto have been painted
Present Participlepaintingbeing painted
Perfect Participlehaving paintedhaving been painted





Michael was taken to hospital because he had lost consciousness.
(ask why)
....................
This candidate was elected Prime Minister in 1998. (ask when)....................
Fresh sandwiches are sold at all large stores. (ask where)....................
The new museum will be built in two years' time. (ask when)....................
The film was shot by Nick Overton. (ask who by)....................
The student has been punished because he hasn't behaved himself.
(ask why)
....................
English is widely spoken in this country. (ask where)....................
Twenty Thousand toyota cars have been manufactured this week.
(ask how many)
....................

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