|To thrive||To grow or to develop well; to prosper|
|Trading||Doing business; buying and selling|
|Earthquake||Sudden violent movement of the earth's surface|
|Mainland||Large mass of land forming a country, continent, etc.|
|Herb||Plant with a soft stem whose leaves or seeds|
are used in medicine, perfumes, etc.
|Link||Person or thing that connects two others|
|To pave||To cover with flat stones or bricks|
|To rule||To govern; to have authority|
|Shape||Outer form or appearance|
|To decrease||To become smaller or fewer; to diminish|
Krosenevik is a fishing village on the Adriatic coast in Croatia. It is a relatively small place with only 75,000 inhabitants, but once it was a thriving trading port and is now one of the region's best-know and best-loved tourist attractions.
The origin of Krosenevik is not clear, but it may be connected to the ruins of the Roman city of Eristis, dating from the fourth century. Eristis was a vital sea-trading town, which was largely destroyed by an earthquake in the fifth century. In 617, the city was captured and left in ruins by the Avars and the survivors escaped to a small island near the coast called Stanis, and a new town was established there. In the meantime, a new Croatian settlement appeared on the mainland opposite Stanis. It was called Krosenevik because of the abundance of a type of herb growing in the area.
Links between the two communities became stronger, and the Latin and Croatian populations mixed. Over time, the water which separated the two communities was eventually filled in and paved. This area is now more or less the main street of Krosenevik.
The famous city walls were built in the twelfth century. Krosenevik became a sea-trading city and was a direct competitor of Venice. The Venetians occupied Krosenevik in the fourteenth century and the town was ruled by the Venetians for 150 years. This domination ended in the fifteenth century.
The city was damaged by another earthquake in the seventeenth century. The beautiful architecture of the city totally disappeared. The Romanesque cathedral and Gothic and Renaissance palaces, churches and monasteries were all ruined. The palace is the only building with its original shape and style but the city walls were not badly damaged. The city was rebuilt in Baroque style. In the nineteenth century, it became part of the Austrian Empire and its trading importance decreased. In the late twentieth century, tourism offered a new start for a powerful city.